In the past couple of decades, water treatment technologies have advanced by leaps and bounds. Due to these innovations, simplified water purifiers are now a common sight. There are now many types of water purification technologies which have been used in compact purifiers that can be easily installed in homes to protect our families.
If you are looking for the latest purifier which uses an advanced purification technology, these five technologies are definitely considered highly efficient:
- Reverse Osmosis Purification
Popularly known as RO purification, it uses membrane technology for removing dissolved impurities, germs, and salts from water. The ultra-fine pores of the membrane ensure that only water passes through it and the contaminants are effectively removed. While it is said that RO water purifier can also remove essential minerals from the water, there are purifiers from certain brands which retain these minerals too.
- Ultra-violet Purification
UV purification is also a popular purification technology. It makes use of ultraviolet light for killing all the bacteria, microbes, germs, etc. present in water. While the technology itself is simple, it can eliminate up to 99.99% of contaminants from water. The purifiers that use UV technology usually feature a small mercury lamp which produces UV rays of shortwave to deliver effective water purification results.
- Ultrafiltration Purification
The UF technology also makes use of membranes just like RO purification, but the membrane pores are considerably larger. The membranes are able to remove colloidal particles along with most of the pathogenic organisms. However, like RO, they are unable to remove dissolved salts and solids. A water purifier which uses UF technology is highly recommended for homes that receive soft water with lower TDS (Total Dissolved Solids).
- Activated Carbon Filter Purifier
As the name suggests, this purifying technology uses activated carbon filter to purify water. The carbon filters are effective in eliminating chemicals, impurities, and pesticides. A major advantage of the purifiers that use this technology is that they do not need electricity for their operation. However, the technology is known to change the odour and taste of water and is not very good at removing microorganisms.
- Nanotechnology Purification
Water purifier with nanotechnology purification uses titanium dioxide instead of the polymer membranes which are used in many of the purifiers. The technology breaks down the organic compounds in water and also kills bacteria with the help of UV rays. Moreover, the technology is also eco-friendly as it helps in reducing microorganism accumulation on wet surfaces, a process which is known as biofouling.
Water purifiers that use these modern purification technologies are now easily available in the market. Apart from purifiers that use specific technologies, there are also different models which use multiple technologies like RO, UV, and UF along with TDS control to ensure enhanced water purity. The combination of multiple technologies makes these water purifiers an ideal choice for homes irrespective of the quality of water supplied.